About the Reviewers

Richard Lloyd Anderson earned a law degree from Harvard and a Ph.D. in Ancient History from the University of California at Berkeley. He was lecturer there in the subjects of ancient and medieval rhetoric and is a senior professor at Brigham Young University, where he has specialized in courses in the New Testament and the Book of Mormon witnesses. Among his publications are Investigating the Book of Mormon Witnesses (1981) and Understanding Paul (1983).

Davis Bitton earned a Ph.D. in History from Princeton University. Specializing in the Renaissance, the Reformation, and early modern Europe, he has taught at the University of Texas at Austin and the University of California at Santa Barbara, and is currently a professor of History at the University of Utah where, for several years, he was director of Graduate Studies in the Department of History. He is the coauthor of The Mormon Experience: A History of the Latter-day Saints and author of The Ritualization of Mormon History and Other Essays (forthcoming). Past president of the Mormon History Association, he served for ten years as Assistant Church Historian/Assistant Director of the Church History Division.

John Gee received his M.A. from the University of California at Berkeley; his thesis was on the Sons of Horus. Gee is actively pursuing a Ph.D. in Near Eastern Languages and Civilizations at Yale University. He has contributed a number of articles to the Review of Books on the Book of Mormon and the Journal of Book of Mormon Studies. He coauthored "Graft and Corruption: On Olives and Olive Culture in the Pre-Modern Mediterranean" in The Allegory of the Olive Tree (1994). Gee has published on Mormon studies and linguistics.

William J. Hamblin received his Ph.D. in History at the University of Michigan following advanced studies in Arabic in Cairo. He is currently associate professor of History at Brigham Young University. He is the coauthor of World History to 1648 (1993) and coeditor of Warfare in the Book of Mormon (1990). He has published or presented nearly two dozen papers on medieval Near Eastern military history and over a dozen on Latter-day Saint topics. Hamblin has worked for the Department of Defense as an intelligence analyst. He has presented papers on Islamic religion and on computer use in teaching History and has published computer tutorials with HarperCollins.

Louis Midgley, professor of Political Science at Brigham Young University, teaches the history of political philosophy. He spe cialized in contemporary philosophical theology at Brown University, where he received his Ph.D. His early work focused on Paul Tillich and then Karl Barth; he later turned to contemporary Catholic political theology. In addition to exploring the approach to the interpretation of texts advanced by Leo Strauss, an influential Jewish philosopher, since 1981 Midgley has published numerous essays on issues raised by competing interpretations of Mormon sacred texts and history.

Robert L. Millet received a Ph.D. in Biblical Studies, 19th-20th Century Religious Thought, from Florida State University. He currently serves as dean of Religious Education and professor of Ancient Scripture at Brigham Young University. Millet has coauthored four volumes of Doctrinal Commentary on the Book of Mormon and is author of the upcoming book The Power of the Word: Saving Doctrines from the Book of Mormon.

Daniel C. Peterson earned a Ph.D. in Near Eastern Languages and Cultures from the University of California at Los Angeles and currently teaches Islamic studies and Arabic at Brigham Young University. He has delivered numerous papers on Qur'anic exegesis and Islamic philosophical theology, as well as on various aspects of Mormonism, and has authored or coauthored many articles and two books. He serves as Managing Editor of a new translation series that will soon begin publication under the auspices of Brigham Young University and the New York-based Society for the Study of Islamic Philosophy and Science.

Matthew Roper is a senior in History at Brigham Young University and has contributed several articles to the Review of Books on the Book of Mormon and the Journal of Book of Mormon Studies.

Royal Skousen received a Ph.D. in linguistics from the University of Illinois and is professor of English at Brigham Young University. Skousen has published three books on linguistic theory--Substantive Evidence in Phonology (1975), Analogical Modeling of Language (1989), Analogy and Structure (1992)--and has served as the editor of the Book of Mormon critical text project since 1988. He serves on the editorial boards for Computers and the Humanities and the Journal of Quantitative Linguistics.

James E. Smith received a Ph.D. in sociology with a specialization in demography from the University of Southern California. He is currently vice president of a national research corporation near Washington, D.C., and a senior research associate in the Unit on Ageing, Cambridge Group for the History of Population and Social Structure, Cambridge University. He has been associated with the Family and Demographic Research Institute at Brigham Young University; the University of Southern California Population Research Laboratory; the Institut National des Etudes Demographiques in Paris, France; and the Population Research Institute, Beijing University, China.

John L. Sorenson received a Ph.D. in anthropology from the University of California at Los Angeles and holds an M.A. from BYU and an M.S., in meteorology, from the California Institute of Technology. He was director of social sciences for General Research Corporation in Santa Barbara, California, and president of Bonneville Research Corporation. He is an emeritus professor of anthropology at Brigham Young University. Among his publications are An Ancient American Setting for the Book of Mormon (1985) and The Geography of Book of Mormon Events: A Source Book (1990).

Martin Tanner, J.D., is a founding partner in the law firm of Howe & Tanner. He hosted a radio talk show, "Religion on the Line," on KTKK Radio, 1989-94; he currently hosts a new program, "Religion Today," on KSL Radio. He contributed an article on "Schismatic Groups" to the Encyclopedia of Mormonism.

John A. Tvedtnes has an M.A. in linguistics and an M.A. in Middle East Studies and has studied extensively at Hebrew University in Jerusalem. He has taught at the University of Utah, at the BYU Salt Lake Center, and at the BYU Jerusalem Center for Near Eastern Studies. He has published four books and over 100 articles, many of them on the Book of Mormon. Tvedtnes has spoken at dozens of symposia in three countries and in several states. His works were cited or referred to by several of the contributors of New Approaches. Tvedtnes is a technical writer for GTE Health Systems.

John W. Welch earned a J.D. at Duke University after earning an M.A. in Classical Languages. A Woodrow Wilson fellow, he also studied at BYU and Oxford. He is professor of law at the J. Reuben Clark Law School as well as the editor-in-chief of BYU Studies. He was one of the editors of the Encyclopedia of Mormonism (1992). He has served as one of the directors of the BYU Religious Studies Center, as the initial general editor of the Collected Works of Hugh Nibley, and currently serves as the Biblical Law abstractor for the Jewish Law Annual (Brill). Among numerous works, Welch has published Chiasmus in Antiquity: Structures, Analyses, Exegesis (1981) and The Sermon at the Temple and the Sermon on the Mount (1990), as well as several works on topics relevant to subjects raised in New Approaches.